He devoted a chapter of his Praz, Seventeenth-Century Imagery to the love emblem and commented on many of Vaenius's emblems. For other emblems he found sources or parallels in the familiar conceits of Petrarchan poetry. He showed that many of the ideas expressed in Vaenius's emblems were around long before Petrarch. They may be found in medieval treatises on love such as the De arte honeste amandi by Andreas Capellanus 4 , and before that even in the Arab love poetry of Southern Spain, such as El collar de la paloma by Ibn Hazm. Porteman, Karel has devoted a range of studies to the love emblem, some of these are listed below.
Porteman concurs with Praz in characterizing the love emblem as a literary genre, which drew its inspiration mainly from Ovid Hellenistic love poetry and contemporary literature about love. Petrarchan laments are certainly present, but generally in a mildly ironic way.
Vaenius was the first to give Cupid a constant and dominant place in all emblems. Another innovation was the Latin quotations which anchored each emblem. In his dedication to the Dutch girls see: Aen de Joncvrouwen van Hollandt Heinsius had addressed them in the well-known Petrarchan fashion, as the cause of his suffering and yet the objects of his desire.
Vaenius, in his Cupid's address to all young people, stresses the omnipotence of love 6 and tries to win them over, not to the poet-as-lover, but to love and marriage. In line with this rather serious statement, the book clearly has an educational aspect; Porteman cites as examples a. Virtutis radix amor  love a source of virtue , Amor addocet artes  love as 'schoolmaster of the artes' and Omnis amatorem decuit color  the lover having to take care to please his love. All of this should not make us forget that the book was also meant to entertain see e.
Errat, et in nulla sede moratur amor  , which illustrates the restlessness of love with a Cupid figure wandering among rows of empty seats. Daly, Peter M. In his preface he notes some traditional Petrarchan themes , but his main concern is with the role of Cupid, especially in the emblem pictures. Cupid may either represent love as an external powerful force , the experience of love or indeed the lover himself. Where two Cupids appear, sometimes the second carries no additional meaning , while other times one is the lover with the other representing the power of love , and occasionally they represent mutual love or the need for it.
The Petrarchan orientation may be visible when the mistress sometimes takes on Cupid's role as an external force. The two editions of Amorum emblemata were followed by a third in An anthology appeared in , titled Emblemata aliquot selectiora amatoria. The book made a larger impact than this printing history suggests. In the period , Amorum emblemata was heavily plagiarized in the several editions of Thronus Cupidinis see: [Titlepage]. To a lesser extent, Vaenius also influenced the emblems in Sinne- en minnebeelden by Jacob Cats, which became immensely popular.
In religious emblematics Vaenius himself was the first to systematically apply the methods of the love emblem to religious subjects. Being the devoted courtier he was, after a hint from the archduchess Isabella, he published Vaenius, Amoris divini emblemata 9 in He replaced Cupid with Amor divinus, the lover with a human soul, and the quotations from Ovid with ones from Augustine and Bernard. In our edition we have chosen to present texts in all languages except Spanish. We have transcribed v from Vaenius, Amorum Emblemata [ed.
Porteman] of Amorum emblemata. We have not yet compared these copies with others, but hope to do so in the future. The soon to be published article by Dr. Rawles on the editions of Amorum emblemata , will appear in the Bibliography of French Emblem Books , this should be helpful in making comparisons. For each emblem, besides the transcription, we provide the pictura, taken from a LIF-issue of a edition.
As stated earlier, not all editions contain the same Latin panegyrics. Our edition includes all of the poems. Similarly, we have included both dedications Admodum Illti. Domino [dedication] , to William of Bavaria and To the moste honorable, and woorthie brothers [dedication] , to the Earls of Pembroke. In the original editions the two versions of the preface, in each of the vernaculars employed in the particular edition, appear alongside each other.
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TEI markup was used to allow for flexibility in presentation and non-destructive editorial enhancement of the text. The full project guidelines for transcription, editiorial intervention and indexing of the text are available elsewhere on this site. The orthography of mosts texts was normalized with respect to the use of u, v, w, i and j.
Here again, the viewer may choose between the original and the re-spelled text. The more important motifs are indexed in the picturae and some references to parallels in Amoris Divini emblemata or elsewhere have been added. Where possible, these references have been hyperlinked to editions of the emblems referred to. Clicking the title of the book mentioned will take you to its bibliography, where you can find further references to emblems we are editing from the same book.
In each emblem we also point to some literature. The full Emblem Project Utrecht bibliography may be accessed using the menu option at the left side of this or any window. A selection of literature relevant to Vaenius and his Amorum emblemata follows here. Emblem Books Heinsius, Quaeris quid sit Amor?
Amori by Carlo Dossi
To the moste honorable, and woorthie brothers [dedication]. Admodum Illti. Domino [dedication]. In Emblemata Amatoria [ Ad Librum. In Emblemata Erotica [ Ad Iuuentutem. In comendation of the adorned author [ Otho Venius. Pro quanta potentia regni est Venus alma tui [frontispiece]. Cupids epistle to the yonger sorte. Cupidine alla giouentu.
Cupido tot de Ieught. Perfectus amor non est nisi ad unum . Amantis veri cor, ut speculum splendidum . Optimum amoris poculum, ut ameris, ama . Grata belli caussa . Amantibus omnia communia . Duo simul viventes ad intelligendum et agendum plus valent quam unus .
English translation of 'amore'
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